A grammatical unit that is syntactically independent and has a subject that is expressed or, as in imperative sentences, understood and a predicate that contains at least one finite verb. Law A court judgment, especially a judicial decision of the punishment to be inflicted on one adjudged guilty. Law The penalty meted out. Archaic A maxim. Obsolete An opinion, especially one given formally after deliberation. Law To pronounce sentence upon (one adjudged guilty). See Synonyms at condemn.