A structure, such as a building or sculpture, erected as a memorial. An inscribed marker placed at a grave; a tombstone. Something venerated for its enduring historic significance or association with a notable past person or thing: the architectural monuments of ancient Rome; traditions that are monuments to an earlier era. An outstanding enduring achievement: a translation that is a monument of scholarship. An exceptional example: "Thousands of them wrote texts, some of them monuments of dullness\u201d ( Robert L. Heilbroner). An object, such as a post or stone, fixed in the ground so as to mark a boundary or position. A written document, especially a legal one.