Not governed by a foreign power; self-governing. Free from the influence, guidance, or control of another or others; self-reliant: an independent mind. Not determined or influenced by someone or something else; not contingent: a decision independent of the outcome of the study. often Affiliated with or loyal to no one political party or organization. Not dependent on or affiliated with a larger or controlling entity: an independent food store; an independent film. Not relying on others for support, care, or funds; self-supporting. Providing or being sufficient income to enable one to live without working: a person of independent means. Mathematics Not dependent on other variables. Of or relating to a system of equations no one of which can be derived from another equation in the system. Of or relating to the 17th-century English Independents. often One that is independent, especially a voter, officeholder, or political candidate who is not committed to a political party. A member of a movement in England in the 17th century advocating the political and religious independence of individual congregations. Chiefly British A Congregationalist.